Real science requires us to look at the evidence in spite of prejudices and accept its conclusions no matter our agenda. People largely trust science and trust scientific evidence implicitly, what to speak of corroborating evidence from many variegated scientifically recorded sources which cross correlate and support each other. Many recent multidisciplinary developments now provide the capacity for scientific measurement, dating, verification and irrefutable establishment of historical points of Vedic interest from antiquity as factual — corroborating and dating statements in the Vedic literatures. State of the art scientific evidence utilising modern widely accepted methodologies yields overwhelming historical proof of Vedic narrations as well as accurate dating of these vast literatures. Our thesis is that the most voluminous body of literature in existence, the ancient Vedic literatures of India, along with their vast and deep culture, religion and traditions are now proven to be factual accounts, in as far as they have been investigated, which is ongoing and to date conclusive. In this article we provide a brief overview of the irrefutable substantial evidence now available which corroborates Vedic statements, timelines, history and innumerable other facts stated in the vast Vedic literatures — much of which unfortunately have previously been regarded as mythology. Strong substantiation by scientific investigation now moves these narrations from the realm of mythology to that of historical facts. Undoubtedly there are a few scholars who will object to such statements without verifying every last one and to this end we state unequivocally that the facts presented herein can indeed be thoroughly substantiated and annotated. It is time for the old guard to give up their prejudices and embrace the inevitable truth in the face of overwhelming irrefutable evidence.
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Fossil and genetic evidence on modern human origins and dispersals Author links open overlay panel HugoReyes-Centenoab Show more https: Despite this consensus, several questions remain with regard to the mode and timing of dispersal out of the continent. Competing models differ primarily by the number of dispersals, their geographic route, and the extent to which expanding modern humans interacted with other hominins.
Robert G. Bednarik is the Convener and Editor-in-Chief of the International Federation of Rock Art Organisations. His more Robert G. Bednarik is the Convener and Editor-in-Chief of the International Federation of Rock Art Organisations. His research throughout the world has resulted in more than academic publications.
Herbchronology Dating methods in archaeology[ edit ] Same as geologists or paleontologists , archaeologists are also brought to determine the age of ancient materials, but in their case, the areas of their studies are restricted to the history of both ancient and recent humans. Thus, to be considered as archaeological, the remains, objects or artifacts to be dated must be related to human activity. It is commonly assumed that if the remains or elements to be dated are older than the human species, the disciplines which study them are sciences such geology or paleontology, among some others.
Nevertheless, the range of time within archaeological dating can be enormous compared to the average lifespan of a singular human being. As an example Pinnacle Point ‘s caves, in the southern coast of South Africa , provided evidence that marine resources shellfish have been regularly exploited by humans as of , years ago. It was the case of an 18th-century sloop whose excavation was led in South Carolina United States in Dating material drawn from the archaeological record can be made by a direct study of an artifact , or may be deduced by association with materials found in the context the item is drawn from or inferred by its point of discovery in the sequence relative to datable contexts.
Dating is carried out mainly post excavation , but to support good practice, some preliminary dating work called ” spot dating ” is usually run in tandem with excavation. Dating is very important in archaeology for constructing models of the past, as it relies on the integrity of dateable objects and samples. Many disciplines of archaeological science are concerned with dating evidence, but in practice several different dating techniques must be applied in some circumstances, thus dating evidence for much of an archaeological sequence recorded during excavation requires matching information from known absolute or some associated steps, with a careful study of stratigraphic relationships.
In addition, because of its particular relation with past human presence or past human activity, archaeology uses almost all the dating methods that it shares with the other sciences, but with some particular variations, like the following:
New technique provides accurate dating of ancient skeletons
Will ; and “A dog is a man’s best friend. A cat is a cat’s best friend” attributed to Robet J. Of course, there is such a thing as the domestic cat, and cats and humans have enjoyed a mostly symbiotic relationship for thousands of years. But the quips do illuminate a very real ambivalence in the long relationship between cats and humans, as this history of the house cat shows. The Mystery of the Ancient House Cat It has taken a while for scientists to piece together the riddle of just when and where cats first became domesticated.
By definition, archeology is a field of study that focuses on examining human activities by recovering and analyzing material culture. Record of archeological nature can be divided into several different things including cultural landscapes, ecofacts, biofacts, architecture, and artifacts.
The Genetic Disc is dated Pre Columbian and is amazing in several ways. Archeologically it challenges our excepted historical knowledge. Scientifically it challenges our understanding of the formability of materials. Archeology seams to have a well known category. The one we can follow closely in school books and modern history books. However there is another category of archeology, one not very known to the mainstream public. It is not my intention to weave any conspiracy.
However it is a fact, once you research the matter for your self, that many great archeological discoveries made over the past decades have never been exposed to the greater public in peer reviewed magazines and hardly threw the media either. The point is, that we are constantly re discovering our selves, our origin and history. With origin I do not mean the Ancient Alien theory. In this regard I ask of you to please read without any prejudice.
New technique provides accurate dating of ancient skeletons
The genome of the MA-1 revealed that an Upper Palaeolithic population from this region admixed with ancestors of present-day East Asians, giving rise to the First American gene pool. Niobe Thompson A Danish-led international research team has mapped the hitherto oldest genome of an anatomically modern human: Surprisingly, the genetic material reveals that the boy was European, which means that a European culture reached all the way east to Lake Baikal.
The oldest complete skeleton of its kind ever found, dating to more than 12, years ago, is helping solve a mystery about the differences in body types between the first humans to arrive in the.
In other words, a biological specimen determined by traditional DNA testing to be , years old may actually be , to , years old, researchers suggest in a new report in Trends in Genetics, a professional journal. The findings raise doubts about the accuracy of many evolutionary rates based on conventional types of genetic analysis. In particular, they may force a widespread re-examination of determinations about when one species split off from another, if that determination was based largely on genetic evidence.
For years, researchers have been using their understanding of the rates of genetic mutations in cells to help date ancient biological samples, and in what’s called “phylogenetic comparison,” used that information along with fossil evidence to determine the dates of fossils and the history of evolution. The rates of molecular evolution “underpin much of modern evolutionary biology,” the researchers noted in their report. They were fairly easy to use and apply but also too indirect, and inaccurate as a result.
These penguins live in massive rookeries, have inhabited the same areas for thousands of years, and it was comparatively simple to identify bones of different ages just by digging deeper in areas where they died and their bones piled up.
Mystery solved: 8500-year-old Kennewick Man is a Native American after all
Interest in the origins of human populations and their migration routes has increased greatly in recent years. A critical aspect of tracing migration events is dating them. Inspired by the Geographic Population Structure model that can track mutations in DNA that are associated with geography, researchers have developed a new analytic method, the Time Population Structure TPS , that uses mutations to predict time in order to date the ancient DNA.
At this point, in its embryonic state, TPS has already shown that its results are very similar to those obtained with traditional radiocarbon dating. We found that the average difference between our age predictions on samples that existed up to 45, years ago, and those given by radiocarbon dating, was years.
Dating US Edition UK Edition. News > Science > Archaeology The different types of genetic data they obtained seemed to match very distinct groups of people within the cemetery.
India is a patchwork of tribal and non-tribal populations that speak many different l India is a patchwork of tribal and non-tribal populations that speak many different languages from various language families. South India, on the other hand, is dominated by Dravidian languages. India displays a high level of endogamy due to its strict social boundaries, and high genetic drift as a result of long-term isolation which, together with a very complex history, makes the genetic study of Indian populations challenging.
We have combined a detailed, high-resolution mitogenome analysis with summaries of autosomal data and Y-chromosome lineages to establish a settlement chronology for the Indian Subcontinent. Whilst current genome-wide analyses conflate all dispersals from Southwest and Central Asia, we were able to tease out from the mitogenome data distinct dispersal episodes dating from between the Last Glacial Maximum to the Bronze Age. Moreover, we found an extremely marked sex bias by comparing the different genetic systems.
Maternal lineages primarily reflect earlier, pre-Holocene processes, and paternal lineages predominantly episodes within the last 10 ka. In particular, genetic influx from Central Asia in the Bronze Age was strongly male-driven, consistent with the patriarchal, patrilocal and patrilineal social structure attributed to the inferred pastoralist early Indo-European society.
This was part of a much wider process of Indo-European expansion, with an ultimate source in the Pontic-Caspian region, which carried closely related Y-chromosome lineages, a smaller fraction of autosomal genome-wide variation and an even smaller fraction of mitogenomes across a vast swathe of Eurasia between 5 and 3.
Unprecedented Genomic Study Shines Light on Ancestry of Indigenous Australians
Omani links with Pakistan date back over years Stay up-to-date with the latest news about prehistory! Sign up today for our free newsletter: If you later decide to stop your subscription, simply follow the link at the end of the latest newsletter and update your profile or unsubscribe by entering your email address below: And webmasters can feature our headlines on their sites.
Following the discovery of several items by a metal detectorist, one of Cumbria’s assistant coroners will rule on who is the legal owner.
data distinct dispersal episodes dating from between the Last Glacial Maximum to the Bronze Age. Moreover, we found an extremely marked sex bias by comparing the different genetic systems. Conclusions: Maternal lineages primarily reflect earlier, pre-Holocene processes, and paternal lineages predominantly episodes within the last 10 ka.
The objective of this work is to characterize dental wear in a skeletal sample dating The dental sample consists of teeth from 11 individuals recovered from the site of Soro Mik’aya Patjxa SMP , the earliest securely dated burial assemblage in the Lake Titicaca Basin and the only burial assemblage in the region from an unequivocal forager context. Occlusal surface wear was quantified according to Smith and Scott a to characterize diversity within the site and to facilitate comparison with other foraging groups worldwide.
General linear modeling was used to assess observation error and principal axis analysis was used to compare molar wear rates and angles. Teeth were also examined for caries and specialized wear. Occlusal surface attrition is generally heavy across the dental arcade and tends to be flat among posterior teeth. Only one carious lesion was observed. Tooth wear rates, molar wear plane, and caries rates are consistent with terrestrial foraging and a diverse diet. The results therefore contribute critical new data toward our understanding of forager diet in the Altiplano prior to plant and animal domestication in the south-central Andes.
We show that their probabilistic statement hinges on indefensible claims about hunter-gatherer mobility. In the context of quantitative data from hunter-gatherer ethnography, our travel model shows that seasonal-use models are highly unlikely to explain Chusang. We highlight the robustness of our chronology and explore reasons why Zhang and Li’s OSL age is a gross overestimation of the real depositional age of the imprinted travertine.
Soils, Stones and Symbols: Cultural Perceptions of the Mineral World Ethnographic and archaeological records feature a rich body of data suggesting that understanding Soils, Stones and Symbols highlights studies from the fields of anthropology, archaeology and philosophy that demonstrate that not all individuals and societies view minerals as commodities to be exploited for economic gain, or as passive objects of disembodied scientific enquiry. In visiting such diverse contexts as contemporary India, colonial-period Australia and prehistoric Europe and the Americas, the papers in this volume demonstrate that in pre-industrial societies, minerals are often symbolically meaningful, ritually powerful, and deeply interwoven into not just economic and material, but also social, cosmological, mythical, spiritual and philosophical aspects of life.
Archaeological Fantasies. Where Archaeology and Reality Meet! Menu. of this post I mentioned that I had been unsuccessful at contacting Dr. Vera M. F. Hammer to get her comments on the Genetic Disk. After this post was published, and through the wonders of twitter, I was able to get in contact with her and she gave me some great insights.
What Were They Like? Why Did Things Change? General or Particular — Attempts at Explanation: One Cause or Several? Theories, Methods, and Practice has been the leading educational source on what archaeologists do and how they do it. The text is organized around the key questions that archaeologists ask about the past and details the practical and theoretical ways in which answers to those questions are sought.
The seventh edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, with sixteen additional pages and new material on the latest developments in the subject and coverage of many recent discoveries. The book is newly designed with additional box features and extensive drawings, charts and photographs, all in full colour. This is a truly global introduction to archaeology, and includes examples from every part of the world.